Belfast Botanic Gardens Tree Archive

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This series of short articles about trees in the Belfast Botanic Gardens is compiled by members of the Friends group and Gardens staff. We aim to build up to a comprehensive archive of trees in Belfast Botanic Gardens. Each article illustrates a tree growing in Belfast Botanic Gardens together with information from a range of sources. Where possible we will give the tree tag number - these are the small aluminium discs, usually fixed on the tree trunk, 2 to 3m above ground level.
Nothofagus solandri var Cliffortioides
Mountain beech

Tag -
54 deg 34.912N
5 deg 55.809W

Listed in older references as Nothofagus cliffortioides, this is now recognised as a variety of the Southern Hemisphere black beech Nothofagus solandri. The Mountain beech is endemic to New Zealand where, as the name suggests, it is found close to the tree-line. At high altitudes it forms what is termed a 'goblin forest' with individual trees 2m tall or less - similar to the 'krummholtz' vegetation in the Alps where the trees are conifers such as European spruce. At lower altitudes Mountain beech will reach 20m tall and forms a tidy compact small tree. The leaves are smooth-edged (compare with other small-leaved species such as Nothofagus antarctica which grows near this in Belfast Botanic Gardens. Both species are in the small triangular area close to the gate to the PEC.

Nothofagus solandri var Cliffortioides in Belfast Botanic Gardens

male flowers of Nothofagus solandri var Cliffortioides

Nothofagus solandri var Cliffortioides in Belfast Botanic Gardens Male flowers and leaves of Nothofagus solandri var Cliffortioides

Photos taken in Belfast Botanic Gardens in 2010 and 2013. Copyright: Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens.

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