Belfast Botanic Gardens Tree Archive

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This series of short articles about trees in the Belfast Botanic Gardens is compiled by members of the Friends group and Gardens staff. We aim to build up to a comprehensive archive of trees in Belfast Botanic Gardens. Each article illustrates a tree growing in Belfast Botanic Gardens together with information from a range of sources. Where possible we will give the tree tag number - these are the small aluminium discs, usually fixed on the tree trunk, 2 to 3m above ground level.
Corylus colurna
Turkish hazel

Tag 333/334
54 deg 34.887N
5 deg 55.945W

The Turkish hazel is native to SE Europe and Asia Minor and was introduced into cultivation in 1582. It is a much larger tree than our native hazel (Corylus avellana) usually having a single straight trunk and a rather tidy symmetrical shape. The leaves are quite similar to the native hazel, but more lobed and shinier. The nuts are also similar, but are contained in a distinctive frilly, bristly cup. The two specimens in Belfast Botanic Gardens either side of the entrance from the herbaceous border to the rose garden were planted in 1974. One is the conical shape typical of the species, the other has a more flattened profile.

Turkish hazel in Belfast Botanic Gardens, autumn

Turkish hazel leaf

Turkish hazel in Belfast Botanic Gardens, autumn Turkish hazel, leaf

Turkish hazel bark

Turkish hazel, developing male catkins in autumn

Turkish hazel, bark Turkish hazel, developing male catkins in autumn

Turkish hazel nut and husk

Turkish hazel detail of nut and husk

Turkish hazel, nut and husk Turkish hazel, nut and husk

Photos taken in Belfast Botanic Gardens in 2009. Copyright: Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens.

Click here to view the rest of the tree archive