Belfast Botanic Gardens Tree Archive

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This series of short articles about trees in the Belfast Botanic Gardens is compiled by members of the Friends group and Gardens staff. We aim to build up to a comprehensive archive of trees in Belfast Botanic Gardens. Each article illustrates a tree growing in Belfast Botanic Gardens together with information from a range of sources. Where possible we will give the tree tag number - these are the small aluminium discs, usually fixed on the tree trunk, 2 to 3m above ground level.
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven

Tag -
54deg 34.943N
5deg 55.823W
Attractive tree with cream flowers in August and later pinkish fruit. The young specimen near the bandstand in Belfast Botanic Gardens was planted in the 1970's and now flowers very prolifically. Although very attractive when young, this is not a tree for a small garden as it can reach 28m height. It is also said to spread from suckers which can extend up to 30m from the parent tree. In the UK it does not set viable seed (yet!), but in warmer climates it can become an invasive problem by seeding. It has compound leaves (cf. walnut and ash), with each leaflet having usually a single,or up to 6, basal teeth. The teeth have a gland that oozes an unpleasant-smelling nectar. This is observed to attract ants which then control leaf-eating insects.
Young Ailanthus tree in Belfast Botanic gardens

Ailanthus altissima leaf

Young Ailanthus tree in Belfast Botanic gardens Ailanthus altissima leaf

Ailanthus altissima tree near bandstand, Belfast Botanic Gardens

Ailanthus flowers

 

tree above photographed from near the bandstand Flowering branch of Ailanthus altissima

Flower detail of Ailanthus altissima

Detail of leaf gland on Ailanthus altissima leaflet
Flowers of Ailanthus altissima Detail of leaf gland on Ailanthus altissima leaflet
Photos taken in Belfast Botanic Gardens in 2009 and 2010. Copyright: Friends of Belfast Botanic Gardens.

Click here to view the rest of the tree archive